[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 1, No. 2 (1994) 170-173]

Optical Logic Gates Using Grating Interferometers

Thomas H. BARNES,1 Jeffrey A. DAVIS2 and Timothy G. HASKELL3

1Department of Physics, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand, 2Department of Physics, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182, USA, 3Industrial Research Ltd., P.O. Box 31310, Lower Hutt, New Zealand

(Accepted September 6, 1994)

We describe two-input optical logic gates implemented using grating interferometrers. AND, OR, and XOR logic functions are easily implemented with the same optical system, simply by changing the relative spatial phase of the gratings. We also describe an extension of this idea in which a four-grating interferometer is used as an optical half-adder, and demonstrate its operation with experimental results.

Key words : optical logic, optical half-adder, grating interferometer