[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 4, No. 1A (1997) 20-27]
Fundamentals of the Interferometric Fiber-Optic Gyroscope
Hervë C. LEFÈVRE
Photonetics, 52, Avenue de l'Europe, 78160 Marly-le-Roi, France
(Received July 24, 1996; Accepted September 9, 1996)
This paper reviews the basics of the interferometric fiber-optic gyroscope: fundamental principle based on Sagnac effect, importance of reciprocity and single-mode propagation, analysis of coherence and polarization problems, signal processing techniques. It also describes the technological progresses of guided-wave components (single-mode optical fiber, semi-conductor diode source, integrated optics, in-line fiber components). Finally, recent trends like multi-axis configurations and rare-earth doped fiber source are presented.
Key words : fiber-optic gyroscope, fiber optics, interferometry, fiber-optic sensor