[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 8, No. 4 (2001) 271-275]

Analysis of Near-Field Intensity Distributions of High-Compression Talbot Array Illuminators Using Rigorous Diffraction Theory

Werner KLAUS1,*, Keiko OKA2, Makoto FUJINO3 and Kashiko KODATE2

1Optical Space Communications Group, Communications Research Laboratory, 4-2-1, Nukui-Kitamachi, Koganei, Tokyo, 184-8795 Japan, 2Faculty of Science, Japan Women's University, 2-8-1, Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 112-8681 Japan, 3R&D Center, TOPCON CORPORATION, 75-1, Hasunama-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 174-8580 Japan

(Received February 19, 2001; Accepted July 9, 2001)

The technology nowadays employed in the field of binary optics allows a relatively easy fabrication of grating structures down to the wavelength region. The analysis of light propagation through such grating structures requires the use of rigorous diffraction theories such as the rigorous coupled-wave analysis (RCWA), in order to take proper account of polarization effects in the electric and magnetic field and the thickness of the grating. In this paper, we examine the near-field intensity distributions and associated illumination efficiencies of Talbot array illuminators (TAIL’s) with compression ratios of 8 and 16 using RCWA. The high illumination efficiency observed close to the grating surface is expected to bring about new applications of TAIL’s in the field of super-resolution and near-field optics.

Key words : Talbot effect, Talbot array illuminator, rigorous coupled-wave analysis, near-field optics, illumination efficiency