[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 10, No. 4 (2003) 206-210]
© 2003 The Optical Society of Japan

Compulsorily Phase Locked Interferometer Using Orthogonally Polarized Light Source of a Modulated LD with High Extinction Ratio


Department of Industrial Education, Ashiya University, 13-22, Rokurokuso-cho, Ashiya, Hyogo 659-8511, Japan

(Received March 6, 2003; Accepted May 12, 2003)

This paper describes a compulsorily phase locked differential interferometer using an orthogonally polarized light source of a modulated LD with high extinction ratio to reduce non-linearity of the interferometer caused by polarization cross-talk. The current modulated LD is used as a light source to make the interferometer compact and for the scanning phase of the interferometer. The interferometer is operated compulsorily at the maximum inclination point of the fringe intensity curve by fringe scanning and an electric system. A Wollaston prism of high extinction ratio (50 dB) is used to combine the polarizing beams and to make the polarization cross-talk very small. In one light source the polarized output beams are on the same propagation axis; in the other they have a small crossing angle (2.5 mrad ∼ 10 mrad) to completely exclude non-linearity of the interferometer causded by polarization cross-talk. Using jets of a gas mixture of nitrogen and ethylene, this interferometer was demonstrated to be useful in detecting the photothermal effect of a photothermal velocimeter under phase fluctuation in a turbulent flow.

Key words: interferometer, orthogonally polarized light source, modulated LD, high extinction ratio, polarization cross-talk, photothermal velocimeter, turbulent flow measurement