[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 10, No. 5 (2003) 474-477]
© 2003 The Optical Society of Japan

Effect of Scattering on Spectral Imaging of Exposed Cortical Tissue for Brain Function Measurement

Motoshi WATANABE, Kentaro YOKOYAMA, Kazushi HONJO and Eiji OKADA

Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama 223-8522, Japan

(Received February 17, 2003; Accepted May 1, 2003)

Optical imaging of an exposed cortex for brain function measurement is an attractive method for both clinical and physiological investigations. Spectral imaging of the exposed cortical tissue enables measurement of the activity-dependent changes in oxy- and deoxy-haemoglobin independently. Since the diffusely reflected light from the exposed cortex is highly scattered in the cortical tissue, the wavelength dependence of the optical properties of the tissue is likely to affect the images of oxy- and deoxy-haemoglobin changes obtained from the spectral images. In this study, the spectral images of the model of exposed cortical tissue are calculated by Monte Carlo simulation to investigate the influence of blurring by tissue scattering on the brain function measurement by the imaging. The images of the change in oxy- and deoxy-haemoglobin obtained from the spectral images at near infrared wavelengths are broadened and blurred due to the scattering in the cortical tissue. The influence of cross talk is more significant in the image calculated from the spectral images at the visible wavelengths. Inappropriate choice of the spectral range of images might increase cross talk and error in the images of oxy- and deoxy-haemoglobin changes.

Key words: biomedical optics, spectral imaging, cross talk, Monte Carlo simulation