[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 13, No. 4 (2006) 283-287]
© 2006 The Optical Society of Japan

Experimental Research on Focusing Property of Radially Polarized Beam Based on Solid Immersion Lens

Qing LI, Jia WANG*, Jiying XU, Jiefeng XI and Guofan JIN

State Key Laboratory of Precision Measurement Technology and Instruments, Department of Precision Instruments, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, P. R. China

(Received November 15, 2005; Accepted April 7, 2006)

Realization of a near-field optical virtual probe based on an evanescent Bessel beam is strongly dependent on a radially polarized beam; this makes it essential to study the focusing property of the beam. In this paper, two experimental setups based on a fiber device and a liquid crystal device, respectively, are built to generate a radially polarized beam. This beam and an annular radially polarized beam are focused by means of a high numerical aperture objective and a solid immersion lens (SIL). Near-field distribution of the focus spot, the evanescent Bessel field, is experimentally measured with a scanning near-field optical microscope (SNOM). The full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the central peak of the evanescent Bessel field is about 200 nm in the close vicinity of the bottom surface of SIL. This has potential for use as a near-field optical virtual probe.

Key words: near-field optics, solid immersion lens (SIL), radially polarized beam, evanescent Bessel beam, virtual probe

*E-mail address: wj-dpi@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn