[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 13, No. 4 (2006) 297-301]
© 2006 The Optical Society of Japan

Near-Field and Polarized Evanescent Field Excited Fluorescence of Self-Organized Particle Arrays of Organic Dye

Akihiro TOMIOKA1,2,*, Sinji KINOSITA1, Yasuaki ITAKURA1 and Tooru MOTOKUBOTA1

1Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Electro-Communication University, 18-8 Hatucho, Neyagawa, Osaka 572-8530, Japan
2Academic Frontier Promotion Center, Osaka Electro-Communication University, 18-8 Hatucho, Neyagawa, Osaka 572-8530, Japan

(Received November 15, 2005; Accepted March 28, 2006)

A wetting/dewetting process was utilized to prepare self-organized organic dye particles of micrometer and submicrometer size. Near-field scanning optical microscopy successfully identified near-field excited near-field fluorescence from single particles. The majority of the small particles with diameters around 2 μm or less, however, did not show fluorescence under near-field observation. In contrast, far-field fluorescence, when excited by a polarized evanescent field, was observed, with the intensity depending on the excitation polarization, indicating that molecules' transition moment within dye particles was oriented parallel to the substrate surface. Single particle fluorescence spectrum consistently showed an identical sharp peak with a large redshift, indicating that the particles were composed of identical dye aggregates similar to J-aggregates. These observations suggest that the near-field at the probe tip was polarized parallel to the probe axis. Another observation, that molecules were oriented in a similar direction among adjacent particles, suggests that the dewetting process contributed to the alignment of the molecular direction among adjacent particles, which further proves that the present specimen was formed by a self-organizing mechanism.

Key words: self organized, dewetting process, pi-conjugated dye, near field, evanescent field, molecular orientation

*E-mail address: tomioka@isc.osakac.ac.jp