[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 15, No. 1 (2008) 31-37]
© 2008 The Optical Society of Japan

Multiple Defect-core Hexagonal Photonic Crystal Fiber with Flattened Dispersion and Polarization Maintaining Properties

Shubi F. KAIJAGE, Yoshinori NAMIHIRA*, Nguyen H. HAI, Feroza BEGUM, S. M. Abdur RAZZAK, Tatsuya KINJO, Hiroki HIGA, and Nianyu ZOU

Graduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0213, Japan

(Received April 26, 2007; Accepted October 2, 2007)

In this paper, we present a dispersion controlling technique with a multiple defect-core hexagonal photonic crystal fiber (MD-HPCF). By omitting air holes in the core region of the conventional HPCF and adjusting the size of air holes around the newly formed core, we can successfully design low flattened dispersion PCF with low confinement loss, as well as high birefringence. The low flattened dispersion feature, as well as the low confinement losses and high birefringence are the main advantages of the proposed PCF structure, making it suitable as chromatic dispersion controller, dispersion compensator, and/or polarization maintaining fiber.

Key words: photonic crystal fiber, chromatic dispersion, confinement loss, effective area, polarization

*E-mail address: namihira@eee.u-ryukyu.ac.jp