[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 15, No. 3 (2008) 143-147]
© 2008 The Optical Society of Japan

Imaging Simulated Smeared Fingers with a Sensor Based on Scattered-Light Detection

Takeshi IMAMURA, Kenta KAKUTANI, and Ichiro FUJIEDA*

Department of Photonics, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan

(Received November 28, 2007; Accepted January 31, 2008)

Fingerprint identification is susceptible to the surface conditions of a finger. We studied the effect of image degradations with our sensor technology based on scattered-light detection. To simulate a smeared finger, we printed small black dots on a transparent sheet and inserted it between a finger and our sensor. With a green light-emitting diode (LED) as its light source, the rate of successful identification decreased constantly as the number of black dots increased. With a near-infrared LED, the rate remained almost constant when the total area covered by the black dots was less than 1% of the input area. The infrared LED generated a clearer image for oily fingers than the green LED as well. We attribute these findings to the presence of an internal fingerprint pattern, which near-infrared light can probe better.

Key words: fingerprint, identification, sensor, LED, infrared imaging, scattered light

*E-mail address: fujieda@se.ritsumei.ac.jp