[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 17, No. 1 (2010) 5-9]
© 2010 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

Comparative Investigation of Au Nano-Particle Formation Process Dependent upon Various Protective Agents

Takeshi EITOKU, Kazuya TANIGUCHI, Yuta NAKAZATO, Shunichi ONO, and Kenji KATAYAMA

Department of Applied Chemistry, Chuo University, 1-13-27 Kasuga, Bunkyo, Tokyo 112-8551, Japan

(Received September 4, 2009; Revised November 10, 2009; Accepted December 3, 2009)

Formation process of gold nanoparticles was investigated by near-field heterodyne transient grating method. In the absence of the protective agents, although the diffusion of H[AuICl2] could be observed after the photo-reduction of H[AuIIICl4], the diffusion of nanoparticle-seeds was not observed. On the other hand, in the presence of the protective agents, the diffusion of a complex molecule (Au and protective agent) and nanoparticle-seeds could be observed. From these results, it was found that enough amount of the complex is essential for the nanoparticle formation. We also investigated the formation process with four different chemicals as a protective agent. The hydrodynamic radius of nanoparticle-seeds generated in the poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) and TritonX-100 solutions were larger than those generated in the Tween 20 and Brij 58 solutions. The former two have hydrophilic chain in the molecular structure; on the other hand, the latter two have hydrophobic alkyl chain. Based on those facts, we concluded that the interaction between the chains of the complex molecule plays an important role in the nanoparticle formation process.

Key words: transient grating, gold nanoparticle, photoreduction, time-resolved spectroscopy, diffusion