[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 17, No. 1 (2010) 41-46]
© 2010 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

Finite-Difference Time-Domain Analysis of Refractive Index Grating on Planar Light Waveguide Circuit with Optically Trapped Gold Particles

Ryosuke YOTSUTANI and Hiroo UKITA*

Faculty of Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan

(Received April 24, 2009; Accepted November 17, 2009)

The super-resolution capability of scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) with a gold particle is studied by the two-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (2D FDTD) method. We obtain SNOM signals by integrating the far field within the numerical aperture of an objective lens for a refractive index grating by scanning optically trapped gold particles with different diameters illuminated by focused laser light at the wavelength of 515 nm. The signal is strong at a high refractive index of the grating and exhibits similar behavior to that obtained in the experiment with the grating fabricated on a planar light waveguide circuit with a period of 1060 nm. Furthermore, the signal modulation increases as the gold particle diameter decreases and reaches 0.82 at a diameter of 50 nm.

Key words: SNOM, gold particle, FDTD, far field, refractive index grating, optical tweezers

*E-mail address: ukita@se.ritsumei.ac.jp