[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 17, No. 5 (2010) 476-480]
© 2010 The Japan Society of Applied Physics
Estimation of Coupling Efficiency of Optical Fiber by Far-Field Method
3381-31 Higashi-ishikawa, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki 312-0052, Japan
(Received March 5, 2010; Accepted July 5, 2010)
Coupling efficiency to a single-mode optical fiber can be estimated with the field amplitudes at far-field of an incident beam and optical fiber mode. We call it the calculation by far-field method (FFM) in this paper. The coupling efficiency by FFM is formulated including effects of optical aberrations, vignetting of the incident beam, and misalignments of the optical fiber such as defocus, lateral displacements, and angle deviation in arrangement of the fiber. As the results, it is shown the coupling efficiency is proportional to the central intensity of the focused spot, i.e., Strehl intensity of a virtual beam determined by the incident beam and mode of the optical fiber. Using the FFM, a typical optics in which a laser beam is coupled to an optical fiber with a lens of finite numerical aperture (NA) is analyzed for several cases of amplitude distributions of the incident light.
Key words: optical fiber, coupling efficiency, single-mode, Strehl intensity, Gaussian beam, far-field, near-field, laser diode