[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 18, No. 1 (2011) 27-33]
© 2011 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

An Optimum Design and Fabrication of Lens on Luminous Uniformity and Light Extraction of High-Power Light-Emitting Diode

Yi-Cheng HSU*

Department of Biomechatronics Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 912, Taiwan

(Received June 13, 2010; Accepted November 2, 2010)

The effect of lens inner structure on radiation pattern and light extraction efficiency of light-emitting diode (LED) and the application to artificial light in compact greenhouse is demonstrated. A commercial software package of Trace Pro and one-factor at-a-time (OFAT) method are used to simulate the lens with different inner structure. The optimum parameters of lens inner structure design for the maximum light extraction efficiency and the best uniform luminous are described by the corner radius of curvature, lens width, and lens height, respectively. For a real single LED module, base on the optimum parameters of lens inner structure, the corresponding best luminous uniformity is 62% and corresponding output extraction is 14.11 lm. The maximum uniformity of illumination for LED matrix assembled by LED modules with optimum lens is 88% and corresponding light extraction 1141 lm. In comparison with a commercial artificial light of LED matrix used in agriculture, the high-power LED module with proposed lens inner structure exhibit good improvement in uniformity of illumination and light extraction. This study may provide a practical guideline for design and fabrication of a high-performance lens used in various compact agricultural applications.

Key words: lens inner structure, LED matrix, uniformity of illumination, artificial light in agriculture

*E-mail address: ychsux@mail.npust.edu.tw