[OPTICAL REVIEW Vol. 19, No. 2 (2012) 64-70]
© 2012 The Japan Society of Applied Physics

Characterization of Small-Signal Intensity Modulation of Single-Mode Fiber grating Fabry–Perot Laser Source

Hisham Kadhum HISHAM1,2*, Ahmad Fauzi ABAS1,2, Ghafour Amouzad MAHDIRAJI3, Mohd Adzir MAHDI1,2, and Ahmad Shukri Muhammad NOOR1,2

1Centre of Excellence for Wireless and Photonic Networks, Engineering and Technology Complex, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 2Department of Computer and Communication Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 3Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

(Received July 17, 2011; Accepted January 10, 2012)

A comprehensive study on the small-signal intensity modulation (IM) characteristics of a fiber grating Fabry–Perot (FGFP) laser is numerically investigated. The effect of external optical feedback (OFB), temperature, injection current, cavity volume, nonlinear gain compression factor, and fiber grating (FG) parameters on IM characteristics are presented. The temperature dependence (TD) of IM is calculated according to the TD of laser cavity parameters instead of using the well-known Parkove relationship. It has been shown that the optimum external fiber length (Lext) is 3.1 cm. The optimum range of working temperature for FGFP laser is between 23 to 27 °C. We also show that by increasing the laser injection current from 10 to 60 mA, the IM peak amplitude decreased from 6.3 to 0.2 dB and the relaxation–oscillation frequency (ROF) is shifted from 1.2 GHz towards higher frequency of 5.48 GHz. In addition, the AR coating reflectivity and gain compression factor have no significant effect on the IM. The study indicates that a stable operation and excellent modulation characteristic can be obtained after optimization process.

Key words: external cavity laser, fiber Bragg grating, modulation characteristic, semiconductor laser diode, and wavelength division multiplexing

*E-mail address: husham_kadhum@yahoo.com